Panchakarma Treatments are the primary therapeutic, purification, detoxification and rejuvenation treatments in Ayurveda. ‘Panchakarma’ means five essential therapeutic treatments which include vamana(Induced vomiting through the oral administration of medicines), virechana(Induced purgation through the oral administration of medicines), snehavasti (ano-rectal administration of medicated oils), kashayavasti (ano-rectal administration of medicinal herbal extracts)and nasya (nasal administration of medicated oils/ medicinal herbal extracts). All of these are not commonly practiced together in all cases. Ayurveda recommends panchakarma treatments equally for prevention of diseases, restoration and rejuvenation of health and therapeutic management of diseases. On a wellness perspective, Panchakarma Treatments are done at anytime as an aid to keep the body immunity and metabolism strong and to prevent toxins accumulating in the body. It enhances and restores the essential balance of body and mind.
The panchakarma treatments are provided with specific pre therapeutic measures through which the body can be prepared to undergo panchakarma therapies which predominantly include simultaneous oelation and sudation therapies. Likewise post therapeutic therapies, health and dietary supplements and life style prescriptions are to be followed after the panchakarma treatments for the complete therapeutic efficacy of the panchakarma treatments. The wide varieties of the pre and post therapeutic measures using purely herbal based medicines, medicinal combinations and medicated oils along with specific health and dietary supplements and lifestyle prescriptions have been developed and practiced in Kerala, predominantly used for the treatment of various diseases and equally for the purification, detoxification and rejuvenation of the body systems along with panchakarma treatments. These pre therapeutic procedures are specific therapies (massage therapies with medicated oil, medicinal leaves etc;) by which the effect of oleation and sudation can be applied simultaneously. This authenticated practice of Panchakarma treatments along with specific pre and post therapeutic procedures have been popularized as Kerala Ayurveda Panhakarma and this makes Kerala as the prioritized destination for experiencing the healing and wellness of authentic Ayurveda. Places with moderately cold climate and natural diversities of nature with beauty and calmness are preferred for the Ayurvedic treatments, because all pre therapeutic procedures are basically thermogenic (simultaneous oleation and sudation therapies which increases the body heat and if the environmental temperature is high, it will result in total body exhaustion) and the natural diversity will boost the psychosomatic relaxation and there by therapeutic efficacy.
Internal medication can be prescribed along with Panhakarma treatments for the total management of diseases and other wellness prescriptions. The internal medication can be in seven dosage forms; namely, Gulika(Tablets),Choorna(Powder),Kashaya (Herbal extract),Arista and Asava (Fermented products),Thaila(Medicated oil),Grita(Medicated ghee) and Leha (Chewing). Elaborate numbers of herbal combinations are in practice which are claimed to be classical and proprietary. More than 250 different medicinal herbs are used for manufacturing the ayurvedic formulations in the seven dosage forms.